Based on a study conducted by CCA partnered and the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers (AACRAO), of the 292 of surveyed schools of undergraduate level or higher, 74% of schools require criminal record self-disclosure and 20% of colleges conduct background checks. 69% of surveyed schools have special requirements for applicants with criminal justice histories that range from offering a letter of explanation, to providing the production of an official rap sheet which has information otherwise unobtainable to the public. 61% of colleges have some type of CJI related automatic bars to admission for certain types of convictions.
According to Dr. Wesissman, 53% of colleges that collect and use criminal histories in their decision making policies and 60% have no training on interpreting criminal records. For those of us who have seen a RAP sheet, this is especially troubling. RAP sheets frequently contain errors, include the initial charge in addition to the charge for which the individual is convicted, contain information that is supposed to be sealed, and are generally extremely confusing documents.